To start Cinema 4D or BodyPaint 3D, do one of the following:
Hotkeys 1 to 9
To use a hotkey, hold down the key and drag the mouse. The default hotkeys for the view panel are:
The user interface
The Cinema 4D user interface has many features you will not find in the Windows or Mac OS GUI:
The Cinema 4D GUI is freely configurable. You can create your own icon palettes (including folded icons) and edit the menus. You can define various layouts and switch between them freely. For example, you may find it helpful to create a layout for modeling, a layout for texturing and a layout for animation since these tasks use different managers. A further powerful feature is that functions can be integrated into the GUI and make use of its features.
The fastest way to switch layouts is to click the Layout button at the top right of the GUI. Choose the desired layout from the list of freely configurable layouts and menus that appears. You can add your own layouts to this list.
When running on Mac OS X, Cinema 4D can be switched to fullscreen mode by clicking on the green double arrow icon at the top of the interface. Window names and all other OS elements will be hidden. To exit fullscreen mode simply move the cursor to the very top of your monitor screen and click on the green double arrow icon that appears.
A Quick Tour
This section guides you through the GUI as it appears when you first start Cinema 4D.
The main menu contains the most important Cinema 4D commands and functions (note that other layouts can have other main menus with different commands.). The menus of any additionally installed program versions (e.g., Cinema 4D Studio, etc.) or added functions will also be located in the main menu.
Managers are the main program elements in Cinema 4D. Each manager has its own window and runs alongside the other managers. This means that each manager can operate independently. This makes it possible — among other things — to render an animation in the Picture viewer while you work in the view panel. Although the managers operate independently, each manager reacts immediately to relevant changes made in other managers. For example, when you move an object in the viewport, the object’s position values update automatically in the Attributes and Coordinates Managers.
Each manager has its own window. You can place windows freely or dock them into Cinema 4D’s main window. The most important functions are already docked in the main menu of the default layout. If you change the size of a docked window, the surrounding windows are resized automatically.
To undock a window, click on its Grasp icon and choose Undock. To re-dock the window, drag-and-drop its Grasp icon
If there is not enough space to display the full menu bar, a black triangle is shown. Click the triangle to reveal the remaining menu entries.
The default layout has two icon palettes (aka toolbars) containing the most popular commands as icons. Some of the icons have a small black triangle, indicating a folded group of commands. To access the group of commands, click and hold the left mouse button. Note that the icon shown before unfolding the group is the most recently used command (provided that Lock Icon is disabled on the folded group’s context menu).
The creation of icon palettes is described here.
You can display windows and icon palettes as tabs. For example, the Object Manager, Structure manager are displayed as tabs in the default layout. This saves display space and helps you to reach a manager or icon palette quickly. If the tabs cannot all be displayed in the space available, a small scroll button will appear with which you can scroll to the hidden tabs. Scroll the tabs by clicking the small triangle icons in the top right of the window or by dragging one of the tabs.
To open a context menu, right-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS).
The View panel is a collection of up to four viewports and is the heart of the program. This is where you build and animate your 3D models.
The Object Manager contains all your scene’s elements (objects). You can group objects hierarchically. For example, you can make a leaf a child of a branch and the branch a child of a tree. If you want to edit an object, first select it by clicking its name or icon in the Object Manager. The object’s name will turn red to indicate selection. Most objects have tags that add properties to them such as materials or Phong shading.
Items in the editor view can be hidden and unhidden as desired using Cinema 4D’s powerful layer functionalities.
The Material Manager contains all the materials for the scene. If you double-click on a material icon, the Material Editor will open so that you can edit the material. You can add a material to an object by dragging and dropping the material from the Material Manager onto the object.
You can use the Coordinate Manager for precision modeling or manipulation. For example, rather than scale an object in the view panel, you can enter the exact size in the Coordinate Manager. As with all numerical text boxes, you can also enter mathematical operators.
Objects’ Position, Scale or Rotation and other properties can be easily recorded via a Record button. The Animation Palette is a simplified version of the Timeline and can be used to create more simple animations without having to switch to the Animation layout. The much more extensive Timeline is described here.
The Attributes Manager displays all properties and settings of a selected object, material, shader, tag node, tracks or key(s). These properties and settings can also be edited in the Attributes Manager.
The properties of many Cinema 4D tools can be displayed here as well.
3-dimensional objects can be created using a wide variety of methods. Many modeling techniques are available, of which the most important are described below. Naturally each of these techniques can be applied in Cinema 4D.
CSG (Constructive Solid Geometry)
This is the easiest technique of all. All objects consist of existing parametric primitives such as cylinders, spheres, cones, etc.
This is the classic modeling technique. Various tools are used to create, join and edit polygons. Although somewhat tedious, this method gives you complete control over the creation of the final object. SDS (Subdivision Surfaces) is based on polygon modeling.
Sculpting lets you create non-technical modeling, similar to real-world sculpting, in which material is added or removed using special tools (Sculpt brushes).
Generators can be used in combination with splines to help you create objects. Splines let you create various types of caps and surfaces. Although this is a very elegant modeling technique it is not for use in modeling characters.
SDS (Subdivision Surfaces)
This is the most state-of-the-art modeling technique. Objects consisting of few polygons are subdivided dynamically to create smooth, organic higher resolution objects. Sharp edges can also be created using edge weighting. You should have a very good understanding of polygon modeling when working with SDS since subdivided objects will be edited using polygon editing (see above).
Organic shapes such as fluids (in con junction with particles) can be created using Metaballs with spheres, splines and points.
Boole / Deformation
These modifiers can be used to deform objects created using the techniques described above to create new objects.
The modeling technique best used depends on the object to be created. What you need to know: Any object can be modeled. There is nothing that can’t be created using the methods described above.
Note that the Object Manager’s hierarchy allows the different techniques to be combined with one another. For example, you can use various Deformations to deform a low resolution object (e.g., a cube), place it into a hierarchy, apply additional Deformations to this object and subsequently cut a piece out using a Boole.