UV Edit Menu
The default layout for UV editing.
The Texture view boasts a powerful integrated UV editor which enables you to create a high quality UV mesh for any shape of object.
Before you can edit the UVs, though, you must ensure the object actually has UVs (you can have BodyPaint 3D generate these if required). Also, the object’s texture must use UVW mapping.
Two key advantages of UVW Mapping are:
For example, suppose you want to paint a moustache on a head model. However, the UV polygons are too small (i.e. cover too few texture pixels) to allow you to paint hair without pixelation. One solution is to select the UV polygons for the moustache, move them to an unused part of the texture and scale them up. The UV polygons will then cover more texture pixels, enabling you to paint more detail than was possible in the previous position on the texture.
There are also commands which enable you to optimize the UV mesh and rid it of overlapping. In short, the UV editor offers all the tools you need to create a superb UV mesh for trouble-free painting.
Let’s assume you have a great number of objects, Texture and UVW tags in your project. Since only 1 texture and 1 UV mesh (but multiple texture views) can be displayed simultaneously, the following rules apply:
Simply select the respective object. If it has multiple UVW tags or Texture tags, those at the top will automatically be used. If other tags should be used, simply select the respective UVW or Texture tag (which will automatically use the neighboring UVW tag)
If your object has UV coordinates, a UV polygon is assigned to each object polygon. The UV polygons have their own independent coordinates (on the texture bitmap) and together they form a UV mesh.
Note how each polygon is allocated its own UV polygon in the Spherical Mapping example. As a result, you can paint each side of the cube separately.
In Figure 2 (Cubic Mapping), you can see that there are no separate UV polygons; the sides cannot be painted separately, because the texture has been applied six times, once to each side. Brushstrokes applied to one side are applied to the other sides automatically.
However, the example exposes one of the shortcomings of Spherical Mapping: The UV mesh is heavily distorted near the top and bottom. These areas are at the poles of the spherical projection.
This distortion is caused by the fundamental principle of projection: a two-dimensional surface (texture) must be placed onto a 3D object. Distortion is inevitable. Think of trying to wrap your child’s favorite Pokemon™ sticker around a baseball. Maps of the world face the same problem. For example, Greenland appears to be larger than the United States on a map. In reality, the United States is more than three times larger than Greenland. Distortion happens when a sphere’s surface (such as that of the Earth) is represented in two dimensions.
Nonetheless, you can paint your object free of distortion using projection painting.